Mediators of Inflammation

Mediators of Inflammation / 1996 / Article

Open Access

Volume 5 |Article ID 734054 |

W. A. T. Slieker, P. Th. W. van Hal, J. M. Wijkhuijs, J. P. M. Hopstaken-Broos, J. A. Noordhoek, S. E. Overbeek, P. G. H. Mulder, D. S. Postma, H. C. Hoogsteden, "Cell surface antigen expression by peripheral blood monocytes in allergic asthma: results of 2.5 years therapy with inhaled beclomethasone dipropionate", Mediators of Inflammation, vol. 5, Article ID 734054, 8 pages, 1996.

Cell surface antigen expression by peripheral blood monocytes in allergic asthma: results of 2.5 years therapy with inhaled beclomethasone dipropionate


At present, inhaled glucocorticoids are widely accepted as the therapy of choice in chronic asthma. Treatment with inhaled glucocorticoids significantly suppresses local airway inflammation in asthmatics, but may also have systemic effects, e.g. a reduction of the number of circulating hypodense eosinophils or a down-modulation of HLA-DR antigen (Ag) expression by T lymphocytes in peripheral blood. However, the effect of long-term therapy with inhaled glucocorticoids on peripheral blood monocytes (PBM), which are the precursors of the most numerous cell type in the lung, the alveolar macrophage, have not yet been evaluated. We therefore investigated the expression of various cell surface Ag on PBM from non-smoking patients with allergic asthma who were treated for 2.5 years with a β2-receptor agonist plus either an inhaled glucocorticoid (beclomethasone dipropionate, BDP) (n = 4) or an anticholinergic or placebo (n = 8). We compared the results with healthy volunteers (n = 7). Long-term treatment of allergic asthmatics with inhaled BDP, but not anticholinergic or placebo therapy, was associated with a significantly lower CDllb Ag expression (p < 0.04) and higher expression of CD13, CD14 and CD18 Ag (p < 0.05, p < 0.02 and p < 0.04, respectively) when compared with the healthy control subjects (n = 7). Most interestingly, PBM of asthmatics treated with inhaled BDP expressed an almost two-fold higher level of CD14 Ag on their cell surface than PBM of patients treated with anticholinergic or placebo (p < 0.03). No significant differences in the expression of CD16, CD23, CD25, CD32 and CD64 Ag or HLA-DR were observed between PBM from the different patient groups or healthy controls. Taken together, this study shows that long-term local therapy with inhaled BDP coincides with an altered expression of at least one cell surface Ag on PBM from allergic asthmatics.

Copyright © 1996 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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