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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 7 (1998), Issue 6, Pages 381-389

Perpetuation of inflammation associated with experimental arthritis: the role of macrophage activation by neutrophilic myeloperoxidase

1National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20931, USA
2Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA
3Severance and Associates, P.A., San Antonio, TX 78207, USA
4Texas Tech Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, TX 79430, USA

Copyright © 1998 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterized by an abnormal cellular and cytokine infiltration of inflamed joints. This study addresses a previously unrecognized interaction between neutrophilic-myeloperoxidase (MPO) and macrophages (MΦ) which could explain the perpetuation of inflammation associated with RA. A monoarticular arthritis was induced in female Lewis rats by injection of streptococcal cell wall extracts (PG-APS). After swelling and erythema subsided, joints were re-injected with one of the following: porcine MPO or partially inactivated MPO (iMPO). Injection with either MPO or iMPO induced a 'flare' of experimental RA. Blocking the MΦ-mannose receptor by mannans, ablated exacerbation of disease. These results indicate that MPO or iMPO can play a pivotal role in the perpetuation but not initiation of this RA model.