Ewa Robak, Jerzy Z. Błoński, Jacek Bartkowiak, Hanna Niewiadomska, Anna Sysa-Jędrzejowska, Tadeusz Robak, "Circulating TCR γδ Cells in the Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus", Mediators of Inflammation, vol. 8, Article ID 895762, 8 pages, 1999. https://doi.org/10.1080/09629359990315
Circulating TCR γδ Cells in the Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a disorder with a wide range of immunological abnormalities. The results of the studies undertaken in the last decade indicated that SLE pathogenesis was mainly connected with the breakdown of the activation control of B and T cells, generating humoral or cell-mediated responses against several self-antigens of affected cells. The last studies demonstrate that the role of γδ T lymphocytes in autoimmune diseases can be especially important. Flow cytometry techniques were used to investigate the number and percentage of TCR γδ T cells and their most frequent subtypes in peripheral blood of 32 patients with SLE and 16 healthy volunteers. We also correlated TCR γδ cells number with the level of T CD3+, T CD4+, T CD8+, and NK (CD16) cells (cytometric measurements) and SLE activity (on the basis of clinical investigations). Our studies were preliminary attempts to evaluate the role of that minor T cell subpopulation in SLE. Absolute numbers of cells expressing γδ TCR in most SLE blood specimens were significantly lower than in the control group (). However, since the level of total T cell population was also decreased in the case of SLE, the mean values of the percentage γδ T cells of pan T lymphocytes were almost the same in both analysed populations (7.1% vs 6.3%, respectively). In contrast to Vδ2+ and Vγ9+ subtypes of pan γδ T cells, Vδ3+ T cells number was higher in SLE patients ( cells/μl) than in healthy control group ( cells/μl) (). However, we found no differences between the numbers of pan γδ T lymphocytes and studied their subtypes in the patients with active and inactive disease. These cell subpopulations were doubled in the treated patients with immunosuppressive agents in comparison with untreated ones; however, data were not statistically significant. Our study indicated that Vδ3+ subtype of γδ T cells seems to be involved in SLE pathogenesis; however, we accept the idea that the autoimmunity does not develop from a single abnormality, but rather from a number of different events.
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