Haseeb Ahmad Khan, "Zymosan-induced luminol-dependent chemiluminescence response of circulating and extravasated leukocytes in experimental sepsis", Mediators of Inflammation, vol. 13, Article ID 369438, 3 pages, 2004. https://doi.org/10.1080/09629350410001688558
Zymosan-induced luminol-dependent chemiluminescence response of circulating and extravasated leukocytes in experimental sepsis
This study examines a concurrent profiling of circulating and extravasated polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) in a rat model of experimental sepsis. Fecal peritonitis was induced in Wistar male rats by intraperitoneal instillation of a fecal suspension in saline (1:1 w/v). Blood and peritoneal fluid were collected 8 h following fecal inoculation for the evaluation of inflammatory response of PMNs using zymosan-induced luminol-dependent chemiluminescence. Fifty microliters of pre-diluted blood or peritoneal fluid samples were mixed with 150 μl of reaction mixture (4×10−4 M luminol+50 μg opsonized zymosan+0.1% gelatin in Hank's balanced salt solution) and the chemiluminescence signal was measured in a luminometer at 37˚C. Fecal peritonitis caused a significant leukocytopenia (3540±297 mm−3 versus control value of 7525±711 mm−3, ) accompanied by massive infiltration of PMNs in the peritoneal cavity (34700±4006 versus 7325±425 mm−3, ). The phagocytic activity of circulating blood PMNs was down-regulated whereas a significant up-regulation was observed in the activity of PMNs from peritoneal fluid. In conclusion, this study clearly demonstrates sepsis-induced alterations in both blood and peritoneal fluid PMNs and their quantitative assessment may be helpful in disease evaluation and designing effective therapies.
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