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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 13 (2004), Issue 2, Pages 123-125
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09629350410001688558

Zymosan-induced luminol-dependent chemiluminescence response of circulating and extravasated leukocytes in experimental sepsis

Research Center, Riyadh Al Kharj Hospital Program, P.O. Box 7897 (T-835), Riyadh 11159, Saudi Arabia

Copyright © 2004 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study examines a concurrent profiling of circulating and extravasated polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) in a rat model of experimental sepsis. Fecal peritonitis was induced in Wistar male rats by intraperitoneal instillation of a fecal suspension in saline (1:1 w/v). Blood and peritoneal fluid were collected 8 h following fecal inoculation for the evaluation of inflammatory response of PMNs using zymosan-induced luminol-dependent chemiluminescence. Fifty microliters of pre-diluted blood or peritoneal fluid samples were mixed with 150 μl of reaction mixture (4×10−4 M luminol+50 μg opsonized zymosan+0.1% gelatin in Hank's balanced salt solution) and the chemiluminescence signal was measured in a luminometer at 37˚C. Fecal peritonitis caused a significant leukocytopenia (3540±297 mm−3 versus control value of 7525±711 mm−3, p<0.001) accompanied by massive infiltration of PMNs in the peritoneal cavity (34700±4006 versus 7325±425 mm−3, p<0.001). The phagocytic activity of circulating blood PMNs was down-regulated whereas a significant up-regulation was observed in the activity of PMNs from peritoneal fluid. In conclusion, this study clearly demonstrates sepsis-induced alterations in both blood and peritoneal fluid PMNs and their quantitative assessment may be helpful in disease evaluation and designing effective therapies.