Mediators of Inflammation

Mediators of Inflammation / 2004 / Article

Open Access

Volume 13 |Article ID 571694 |

Patricia Méndez Samperio, Artemisa Trejo, Elena Miranda, "Role of type I interferon in the bacillus Calmette-Guérin-induced expression of CXCL10 from human monocytes", Mediators of Inflammation, vol. 13, Article ID 571694, 6 pages, 2004.

Role of type I interferon in the bacillus Calmette-Guérin-induced expression of CXCL10 from human monocytes


BACKGROUND: The proinflammatory chemokine CXCL10, in addition to its chemotactic properties, is also involved in the stimulation of natural killer and T-cell migration in Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. In this study, our experiments were designed to determine the role of interferon (IFN)-αβ in the production of CXCL10 by human monocytes infected with Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG).Methods: The concentrations of CXCL10 in culture supernatants of monocytes infected with M. bovis BCG were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. CXCL10 mRNA levels were determined by the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction method.Results: We have shown the induction of CXCL10 following infection with M. bovis BCG in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner. Importantly, the secretion of CXCL10 in response to M. bovis was increased by IFN-α. These results were further confirmed by the fact that the addition of an anti-IFN-αβ neutralizing antibody completely reversed the stimulatory effect, whereas an isotype-matched control antibody had no significant effect on CXCL10 secretion. It is important to note that no significant effect of type I IFN on CXCL8 production in M. bovis-infected monocytes was observed. This was consistent with the finding by the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction method that treatment with anti-IFN-α/β antibodies potentially inhibited CXCL10 mRNA levels, whereas no significant effect was observed on CXCL8 mRNA. Moreover, in THP-1 monocytes and THP-1 macrophages, the addition of exogenous IFN-α stimulated CXCL10 secretion.Conclusions: Collectively, these results indicate that the type I IFN may play an important role to modulate the expression of CXCL10 in M. bovis BCG infection. Studies on M. bovis-induced chemokine secretion could provide important insight into the regulation of the immune response against tuberculosis.

Copyright © 2004 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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