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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 2005, Issue 1, Pages 53-56

Neurotrophin-3 and FLT3 Tyrosine Kinase Receptor in Perinatal Life

Neonatal Division and Hormonal Laboratory, Second Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Athens, Athens 11528, Greece

Received 12 October 2004; Accepted 15 November 2004

Copyright © 2005 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Our aim is to determine—in 30 healthy full-term infants and their mothers—circulating levels of neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) (important for antenatal and postnatal brain development and implicated in the immune response) and FLT3 tyrosine kinase receptor (FLT3) (controlling hematopoiesis and found in the nervous tissue), in the fetal and neonatal life. NT-3 levels, in contrast to FLT3 ones, increased significantly on the fourth postnatal day in relation to the low levels found in the mother, fetus, and day 1 neonate (P=.03, respectively). Maternal and umbilical NT3 levels positively correlated with respective FLT3 levels (P=.003 and P=.03). Circulating NT-3 levels increased in early neonatal life, possibly due to exposure to various stimuli soon after birth. FLT3 levels do not seem to behave accordingly, although these two substances probably synergize.