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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 2005 (2005), Issue 4, Pages 185-193

Melatonin Reduces Inflammatory Injury through Inhibiting NF-κB Activation in Rats with Colitis

Department of Gastroenterology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Hubei Province, Wuhan 430060, China

Received 10 May 2005; Accepted 31 May 2005

Copyright © 2005 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Proinflammatory mediators are important in the pathogenesis of IBD, which are regulated by activation of NF-κB. The aim of this study was to investigate whether melatonin reduces inflammatory injury and inhibits proinflammatory molecule and NF-κB in rats with colitis. Rat colitis model was established by TNBS enema. NF-κB p65, TNF-α, ICAM-1, and IκBα in colon tissue were examined by immunohistochemistry, EMSA, RT-PCR, and Western blot analysis. Expression of proinflammatory molecule and activation of NF-κB were upregulated and IκB level decreased in rats with colitis. Melatonin reduces colonic inflammatory injury through downregulating proinflammatory molecule mediated by NF-κB inhibition and blockade of IκBα degradation.