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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 790605, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/790605
Research Article

Circulating Levels of Inflammatory Markers in Intrauterine Growth Restriction

1Neonatal Division, Second Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Athens, 11528 Athens, Greece
2Department of Clinical Biochemistry, “Aghia Sophia” Children’s Hospital, 11527 Athens, Greece
3First Department of Pediatrics, University of Athens, 11527 Athens, Greece

Received 31 October 2009; Revised 25 February 2010; Accepted 24 March 2010

Academic Editor: Hidde Bult

Copyright © 2010 Theodora Boutsikou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We aimed to investigate possible alterations in circulating levels of the perinatal stress markers high sensitivity (hs)-CRP, PAI-1, and S100B—probably reflecting brain and adipose tissue inflammation—in intrauterine growth-restricted-(IUGR) and appropriate-for-gestational-age-(AGA) pregnancies, given that these groups differ in fat mass and metabolic mechanisms involving aseptic inflammation. Serum hs-CRP, PAI-1, and S100B levels were measured in 40 mothers, and their 20 AGA and 20 IUGR full-term fetuses and neonates on postnatal days 1 and 4. hs-CRP, PAI-1, and S100B levels did not differ at all time points between AGA and IUGR groups. We conclude that the lack of difference in hs-CRP, PAI-1 and S100B levels, between IUGR and AGA fetuses/neonates—despite the lower birth weight, reflecting reduced fat mass in the former—might indicate more intense adipose tissue and nervous system inflammation in IUGRs. However, implication of other inflammation-related mechanisms, common in the IUGR state (e.g. preeclampsia), cannot be excluded.