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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 2012, Article ID 217696, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/217696
Research Article

Activation of Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor-Gamma by Glitazones Reduces the Expression and Release of Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein-1 in Human Mesothelial Cells

1Medizinische Poliklinik-Innenstadt, Klinikum der Universitaet Muenchen, Pettenkoferstr. 8a, 80336 Muenchen, Germany
2Chirurgische Klinik-Innenstadt, Klinikum der Universitaet Muenchen, Nußbaumstr. 20, 80336 Muenchen, Germany

Received 9 August 2011; Accepted 30 October 2011

Academic Editor: Wolfgang Neuhofer

Copyright © 2012 Matthias Sauter et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Human peritoneal mesothelial cells (MC) play an important role in inflammatory processes of the peritoneal cavity by producing various cytokines and chemokines, such as monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). The present study was designed to assess the effect of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma- (PPAR -) activator rosiglitazone on the mesothelial MCP-1 expression and release. Primary cultures of MC were obtained from omental tissue. MCP-1 antigen concentrations were measured in the cell supernatant by ELISA and MCP-1 mRNA levels by real-time polymerase chain reaction. The presence of PPAR on MC was assayed in a Western Blot analysis. MC constitutively express PPAR . Activation of this receptor via rosiglitazone (0,1–10 μmol/L) resulted in significantly reduced amounts of mesothelial MCP-1 release as well as MCP-1 mRNA. The use of the PPAR inhibitor GW-9662 could completely prevent the rosiglitazone effects. Rosiglitazone was also effective in reducing TNF -induced enhanced secretion of MCP-1. Our findings indicate that glitazones are effective in reducing constitutive and TNF -stimulated mesothelial MCP-1 mRNA expression and release.