Figure 1: The urinary MIF level is markedly elevated in the presence of AKI in patients with kidney infections. The concentrations of MIF, IL-1β, and KIM-1 in the urine were measured by ELISA and were normalized based on the urinary creatinine (Cr) levels. The urinary levels of MIF (uMIF/Cr) (a), IL-1β (uIL-1β/Cr) (b), and KIM-1(uKIM-1/Cr) (c) were measured in APN patients with ( ) or without ( ) AKI and in normal controls ( ). Data are the means SD. , and .