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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 2012, Article ID 767953, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/767953
Research Article

Exercise Training Effects on Inflammatory Gene Expression in White Adipose Tissue of Young Mice

1Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1919 W. Taylor Street, MC-517, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
2Department of Nutrition and Exercise Physiology, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
3Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA

Received 1 October 2012; Accepted 10 December 2012

Academic Editor: Antonio Macciò

Copyright © 2012 Tracy Baynard et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We aimed to determine the effects of 6 wks of exercise on inflammatory markers in mice concomitantly fed either high-fat (HF) or normal chow (NC) diets in young mice. C57BL/6 mice were randomized into ( /group) an NC/sedentary (NC/SED), NC/exercise (NC/EX), HF/SED, and HF/EX groups. Treadmill exercise was performed 5 d/wk at 12 m/min, with 12% grade for 40 min/d. Liver triglycerides and gene expression of F4/80, MCP-1, TNF-α, leptin, and VEGF in visceral white adipose were determined. NC groups had lower body weights after 6 wks versus the HF groups ( versus  g) ( ). F4/80 gene expression (indicator of macrophage infiltration) and liver triglycerides were greatest amongst the HF/SED group, with no differences between the remaining groups. VEGF (indicator of angiogenesis) was greatest in the HF/EX versus the other 3 groups ( ). Exposure of an HF diet in sedentary young mice increased visceral adipose depots and liver triglycerides versus an NC diet. Exercise training while on the HF diet protected against hepatic steatosis and possibly macrophage infiltration within white adipose tissue. This suggests that moderate exercise while on an HF diet can offer some level of protection early on in the development of obesity.