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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 258209, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/258209
Review Article

Current Perspectives in NSAID-Induced Gastropathy

Department of Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110 029, India

Received 30 December 2012; Accepted 14 February 2013

Academic Editor: Eduardo Arranz

Copyright © 2013 Mau Sinha et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are the most highly prescribed drugs in the world. Their analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic actions may be beneficial; however, they are associated with severe side effects including gastrointestinal injury and peptic ulceration. Though several approaches for limiting these side effects have been adopted, like the use of COX-2 specific drugs, comedication of acid suppressants like proton pump inhibitors and prostaglandin analogs, these alternatives have limitations in terms of efficacy and side effects. In this paper, the mechanism of action of NSAIDs and their critical gastrointestinal complications have been reviewed. This paper also provides the information on different preventive measures prescribed to minimize such adverse effects and analyses the new suggested strategies for development of novel drugs to maintain the anti-inflammatory functions of NSAIDs along with effective gastrointestinal protection.