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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 2014, Article ID 901308, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/901308
Review Article

Gut Microbioma Population: An Indicator Really Sensible to Any Change in Age, Diet, Metabolic Syndrome, and Life-Style

1Division of Hypertension and Nephrology, Department of System Medicine, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Viale Oxford 81, 00133 Rome, Italy
2Departement of Diagnostic and Molecular Imaging, Interventional Radiology and Radiation Therapy, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Viale Oxford 81, 00133 Rome, Italy
3Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, Division of Clinical Nutrition and Nutrigenomic, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Viale Oxford 81, 00133 Rome, Italy

Received 13 December 2013; Revised 8 May 2014; Accepted 8 May 2014; Published 4 June 2014

Academic Editor: Riccardo Calafiore

Copyright © 2014 Noce Annalisa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Obesity has become a pandemic threat in the latest 30 years. The trend of the prevalence of overweight and obesity has got an overall increase in every part of the world, regardless of ethnicity, life-style and social ties. High food intake, genetic, and sedentary have been related to obesity; it has been also hypothesized that gut microbiota could have an impact on the complex mechanism underlying the weight gain. This review aims to illustrate the actual literature about gut microbiota and its relation with obesity and to analyze the possible implications of factors such as diet and life-style onto the composition of gut microbiota, that can lead to overweight/obesity condition.