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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 2014, Article ID 967205, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/967205
Research Article

Alleviation of Antioxidant Defense System by Ozonized Olive Oil in DNBS-Induced Colitis in Rats

1Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Dubai Pharmacy College, P.O. Box 19099, Dubai, UAE
2Department of Pathology, Dubai Medical College, Dubai, UAE
3Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Natural Products, Dubai Pharmacy College, Dubai, UAE

Received 22 July 2014; Accepted 6 August 2014; Published 4 September 2014

Academic Editor: Vinod K. Mishra

Copyright © 2014 Eman Abu-Gharbieh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The aim of the study was to evaluate the potential protective effect of ozonized olive oil (OZO) in 2,4-dinitrobenzene sulphuric acid (DNBS) induced colitis in rats and to elucidate the role of some antioxidant defense system (superoxide dismutase “SOD,” glutathione peroxidase “GSH-Px,” and catalase “CAT”) in these effects. The physicochemical parameters including viscosity, peroxide, and acid values of olive oil and OZO were evaluated. The animals were divided into several groups and the colitis was induced in the rats by intracolonic instillation of DNBS at dose of 15 mg/rat. Olive oil (OO) at dose of 6 mg/kg and OZO at doses of 3 and 6 mg/kg was administered orally for 7 days, starting the day before induction of colitis. Our results showed that macroscopic and microscopic damage scores were significantly reduced in a dose response manner in rats pretreated with OZO only. In contrast, CAT, GSH-Px, and SOD activities were significantly increased in the distal colon of inflamed animals pretreated with OZO with respect to control group dose dependently. Results demonstrate that OZO pretreatment exerts protective effects in DNBS induced colitis in rats and provide evidence that the protective effects of OZO are mediated by stimulation of some antioxidant enzymes.