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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 451675, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/451675
Review Article

Mucocutaneous Involvement in Behçet’s Disease: How Systemic Treatment Has Changed in the Last Decades and Future Perspectives

1Interdisciplinary Department of Medicine, University of Bari, Piazza Giulio Cesare 11, 70124 Bari, Italy
2Research Center of Systemic Autoimmune and Autoinflammatory Diseases, University of Siena, Viale Bracci 1, 53100 Siena, Italy
3Rheumatology Unit, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Via Roma 67, 56126 Pisa, Italy

Received 12 April 2015; Accepted 19 May 2015

Academic Editor: Julio Galvez

Copyright © 2015 Cinzia Rotondo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Behçet’s disease (BD) is a multisystemic disorder of unknown etiology characterized by the “triple symptom complex” consisting of recurrent oral aphthosis, genital ulcers, and chronic relapsing bilateral uveitis. Recurrent mucocutaneous lesions are generally considered the hallmark of the disease, being the most common symptoms presenting at the onset of disease. Although the improvement of knowledge about the pathogenetic mechanism added important changes in the treatment management of BD clinical manifestations, thus avoiding the appearance of serious life-threatening complications which are disease related, the mucocutaneous lesions are still the most nagging clinical manifestations to be treated. In this work we reviewed the current state of knowledge regarding the therapeutic approaches for mucocutaneous lesions of BD mainly based on controlled studies to provide a rational framework for selecting the appropriate therapy for treating these troublesome features of the disease.