Negative Impact of Hypoxia on Tryptophan 2,3-Dioxygenase Function
Loss of TDO-mediated antibacterial functions in HeLa-hTDO cells under low oxygen conditions. Infection experiments: HeLa-hTDO cells were incubated under different oxygen conditions (1–20% O2) for 72 h with or without tetracycline (160 ng/mL) and afterwards infected with Enterococcus faecalis in the presence or absence of additional tryptophan. (a) After 24 h the bacterial growth was determined by measurement of , in 3 independent experiments with three replicates each. (b) Determination of colony forming units by serial dilution and summary of 7 independent experiments. Significant alterations of microbial growth as compared to the normoxia control are marked with asterisks (; ; ; ) and were calculated by a two-tailed, unpaired t-test. The bars indicate the mean value ± SEM (a) or SD (b).
Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.