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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 2016, Article ID 3758590, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3758590
Research Article

Cytokine Changes following Acute Ethanol Intoxication in Healthy Men: A Crossover Study

1Norwegian Center for Addiction Research (SERAF), University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
2Norwegian National Advisory Unit on Concurrent Substance Abuse and Mental Health Disorders, Innlandet Hospital Trust, Brumunddal, Norway
3Primo A/S, Larkollen, Norway
4Hedmark University of Applied Sciences, Elverum, Norway
5Department of Medical Biochemistry, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway

Received 30 September 2016; Accepted 29 November 2016

Academic Editor: Ulrich Eisel

Copyright © 2016 Sudan Prasad Neupane et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Alcohol is a known modulator of the innate immune system. Owing to the absence of human studies, alcohol’s effect on circulating cytokine profile remains unclear. We investigated the effect of acute high dose alcohol consumption on systemic cytokine release. After an overnight fasting, alcohol-experienced healthy male volunteers () aged 25–45 years were given oral ethanol in the form of vodka (4.28 mL/kg) which they drank over a period of 30 minutes reaching peak blood alcohol concentration of 0.12% (SD 0.028). Blood samples were obtained prior to alcohol intake as well as 2, 7, and 12 hours thereafter. Serum levels of the inflammatory cytokines IL-1β, IL-1Ra, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17, IFN-γ, MCP-1, and TNF-α were determined by the multibead-based assay. Baseline cytokine levels were not related to BMI, hepatic parameters, electrolytes, glucose, or morning cortisol levels. Within 2 hours of alcohol intake, levels of IL-1Ra were elevated and remained so throughout the assessment period ( for trend = 0.015). In contrast, the levels of the chemokine MCP-1 dropped acutely followed by steadily increasing levels during the observation period (). The impact of sustained elevated levels of MCP-1 even after the clearance of blood alcohol content deserves attention.