Table 1: The anthropometric data and performance results of the entrance examination and endurance exercise of EET and SED individuals. Shown are mean ± SD and in parentheses the 1. quartile, median, and the 3. quartile. indicates significant differences between endurance-exercise-trained (EET) athletes and untrained/sedentary (SED) individuals.

EET ()SED ()

Anthropometric data
Age (years)25 ± 2.9 (24, 26, 27)24 ± 3.5 (21, 22, 28)
Weight (kg)73.9 ± 8.3 (70, 73, 77)77.9 ± 12.4 (69, 76, 84)
Height (kg)180.4 ± 6.5 (174, 181, 186)177.9 ± 5.5 (174, 176, 180)
BMI22.5 ± 1.6 (21, 23, 24)24.7 ± 4.1 (22, 24, 27)
Entrance examination
[mL/min/kg]65.6 ± 6.7 (61, 66, 71)40.5 ± 6.1 (39, 41, 45)
Maximum performance [watts]339.5 ± 45.9 (307, 333, 387)206.4 ± 32.4 (202, 217, 225)
Maximum performance [watts/kg]4.6 ± 0.6 (4.0, 4.5, 5.0)2.7 ± 0.5 (2.5, 2.8, 3.1)
Maximum lactate [mmol/L] 12 ± 2.0 (11, 12, 13)10.4 ± 3.2 (7, 10, 13)
Maximum HR [beats/min]188.9 ± 10.0 (183, 191, 196)188.7 ± 9.3 (182, 188, 197)
Performance at IAT [watts/kg]2.9 ± 0.5 (2.5, 2.7, 3.3)1.4 ± 0.4 (1.2, 1.6, 1.7)
Lactate at IAT [mmol/L]2.4 ± 0.4 (2.0, 2.4, 2.7)2.5 ± 0.5 (2.1, 2.5, 2.7)
Exercise performance
Performance at 80% [watts]254.1 ± 45.4 (227, 240, 280)156.4 ± 32.0 (150, 167, 175)
Average lactate [mmol/L] 6.7 ± 3.1 (4.1, 5.9, 8.9)6.1 ± 2.9 (3.8, 4.9, 7.1)
HR at end [beats/min]178.8 ± 12.4 (168, 178, 189)177.4 ± 8.2 (170, 175, 184)

BMI = Body Mass Index; HR = heart rate; IAT = individual anaerobic threshold; = maximal oxygen consumption.