Table 3: Association between adventitial VV and biochemical and anthropometric variables in CKD patients.

CKD 3-4CKD 5D
Right VVLeft VVRight VVLeft VV
Correlation valueCorrelation valueCorrelation valueCorrelation value

Age (years)0.06660.6913−0.17300.3279−0.07880.67900.20770.2708
WC (cm)0.11060.5084−0.08700.6245−0.06270.7466−0.19390.3064
BMI (Kg/m2)0.12260.4635−0.02120.90510.21070.2636−0.16180.3931
Glucose (mg/dL)0.21340.2183−0.20120.27770.46910.00890.07260.7029
Cholesterol (mg/dL)0.05070.77220.17970.33350.35470.0545−0.20980.2658
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL)−0.28720.0943−0.12200.51330.50440.00730.11160.5871
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL)0.16960.33010.02170.90760.24860.2111−0.15620.4461
TG (mg/dL)0.17110.32590.30210.09860.09740.6088−0.19530.3009
SBP (mmHg)0.01650.9215−0.30200.0826−0.10720.5945−0.18810.3378
DBP (mmHg)−0.13290.4262−0.22400.2029−0.05420.7885−0.32960.0868
CRP (mg/L)0.22300.31690.11230.6471−0.00240.98980.02650.8898
Ca (mg/dL)0.01170.94680.03060.87020.00310.98690.48050.0072
P (mg/dL)−0.06860.6943−0.01570.9331−0.23100.2193−0.19630.2986
PTH (pg/mL)−0.30660.1649−0.17380.4768−0.10560.6000−0.21240.2767
25D (ng/mL)0.09020.61750.08740.65190.13950.46210.16000.3984
1,25D (pg/mL)0.00890.96560.14040.5439−0.21320.26670.01750.9311
Albumin (mg/dL)−0.05470.75860.07100.70920.10520.58020.37850.0392
Ferritin (mg/dL)0.03780.8680−0.21150.3847−0.22340.2354−0.04760.8096
Hemoglobin (g/dL)0.05720.7518−0.07150.7123−0.31180.09350.06610.7286
Fibrinogen (g/L)0.31450.0966−0.00170.99340.09130.64390.14830.4515
Leukocytes (106/L)0.23730.1835−0.22280.24540.18610.34290.08890.6658
VEGF (pg/mL)0.06450.7037−0.31520.07400.27790.13700.29340.1224

Identified variables with normal distribution (Pearson’s correlation). For variables with significant deviations from normal distribution, Spearman’s correlation was applied. Statistically significant values are indicated in bold. WC: waist circumference; BMI: body mass index; TG: triglycerides; SBP: systolic blood pressure; DBP: diastolic blood pressure; CRP: C-reactive protein; Ca: serum calcium; P: serum phosphorus; PTH: parathyroid hormone; 25D: 25-hydroxyvitamin D; 1,25D: 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D; VEGF: Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor.