Mediators of Inflammation / 2017 / Article / Fig 1

Research Article

Group 2 Innate Lymphoid Cells Are Involved in Skewed Type 2 Immunity of Gastric Diseases Induced by Helicobacter pylori Infection

Figure 1

The imbalance of type 1 cytokine/type 2 cytokine expression was found in H. pylori-associated gastric diseases. The ratio of plasma IFN-γ/IL-4 (a), IFN-γ/IL-5 (b), IFN-γ/IL-13 (c) decreased along with the progression of gastric cancer, including chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) and gastric cancer (GC). Moreover, H. pylori infection exacerbated this trend. IFN-γ (d) mRNA decreased, but IL-4 (e), IL-5 (f), and IL-13 (g) mRNA expression increased in PBMCs derived from the H. pylori-infected individuals along the gastric cancer progression, when compared to those without H. pylori infection. , , and .

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