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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 2017, Article ID 6573802, 11 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/6573802
Research Article

In Situ Cytokine Expression and Morphometric Evaluation of Total Collagen and Collagens Type I and Type III in Keloid Scars

1Federal University of Triângulo Mineiro (UFTM) ICBN and CEFORES, Uberaba, MG, Brazil
2Laboratory of Biopathology and Molecular Biology, University of Uberaba (UNIUBE), Uberaba, MG, Brazil

Correspondence should be addressed to Virmondes Rodrigues Jr.; rb.moc.tendem@seugirdorv

Received 26 December 2016; Revised 14 March 2017; Accepted 27 March 2017; Published 30 May 2017

Academic Editor: Raffaele Strippoli

Copyright © 2017 Isabela Rios da Silva et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Keloids are characterized by excessive collagen deposition and growth beyond the edges of the initial injury, and cytokines may be related to their formation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the collagen fibers, analyze in situ expression of cytokines in keloid lesions, and compare to the control group. Results showed that there was a predominance of women and nonwhite and direct black ancestry. Keloid showed a significant increase in total and type III collagen. Significantly, the expression of mRNA for TGF-β in keloid was increased, the expressions of IFN-γ, IFN-γR1, and IL-10 were lower, and IFN-γR1 and TNF-α had no statistical difference. Correlations between collagen type III and TGF-β mRNA expression were positive and significant, IFN-γ, IFN-γR1, and IL-10 were negative and significant, and TNF-α showed no statistical difference. We conclude that there was a significant increase of total collagen in keloid and predominance of collagen type III compared to the controls, showing keloid as an immature lesion. There is a significant increase in TGF-β mRNA in keloid lesions, and a significant decrease in IFN-γ and IL-10, suggesting that these cytokines are related to keloid lesions.