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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 6894374, 19 pages
Clinical Study

T-Cell Subsets in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients on Long-Term Anti-TNF or IL-6 Receptor Blocker Therapy

1Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Albert Szent-Györgyi Health Center, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
2First Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
3First Department of Pediatrics, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
4Department of Laboratory Medicine, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary

Correspondence should be addressed to Gergely Toldi; moc.oohay@ylegregidlot

Received 14 February 2017; Revised 22 May 2017; Accepted 19 July 2017; Published 25 October 2017

Academic Editor: Tânia Silvia Fröde

Copyright © 2017 Sonja Dulic et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Data on the impact of biological therapies on the T-cell phenotype in rheumatoid arthritis are limited. Here, we prospectively measured the percentages of 15 circulating T-cell subtypes using flow cytometry. We obtained transversal and longitudinal data in 30 anti-TNF responders, 19 secondary anti-TNF nonresponders, and 43 IL-6R antagonist responders, before, 8 weeks and at least 6 months after biological therapy. Untreated RA patients and healthy controls were also included. The important findings are the following: (1) the proportion of regulatory T-cells (Tregs) which are decreased in untreated RA patients becomes normal in all long-term-treated groups; (2) in anti-TNF responders as well as in nonresponders, the frequencies of naïve CD4+ and CD8+ cells are lower, whereas those of proinflammatory Th1, Th2, and Th17 cells and HLA-DR+-activated cells are higher than those in untreated RA or healthy controls; (3) in IL-6R responders, Th1 proportion is decreased, while that of Th2 and Th17 is increased as compared to that in anti-TNF-treated patients and controls; (4) pending confirmation, a CD4CD69 ratio < 2.43 at baseline, could be useful to predict a good therapeutic response to anti-TNF therapy. This study provides comprehensive information regarding the long-term impacts of those biological therapies on the ecotaxis of T-cells in RA. The registration number of our study is NCT03266822.