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Minimally Invasive Surgery
Volume 2014, Article ID 654856, 5 pages
Research Article

Antimullerian Hormone Changes after Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy for Endometrioma Compared with the Nonovarian Conditions

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand
2Center of Excellence in Applied Epidemiology, Thammasat University, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand
3Division of Physiology, Department of Preclinical Science, Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand
4Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50000, Thailand

Received 11 August 2014; Revised 16 November 2014; Accepted 24 November 2014; Published 14 December 2014

Academic Editor: Chin-Jung Wang

Copyright © 2014 Chamnan Tanprasertkul et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy is recommended for surgical procedure of endometrioma. The negative impact on ovarian reserve following removal had been documented. Little evidence had been reported for nonovarian originated effects. Objective. To evaluate the impact of laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy for endometrioma on ovarian reserve, measured by serum antimullerian hormone (AMH), compared to nonovarian pelvic surgery. Materials and Methods. A prospective study was conducted. Women who underwent laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy (LOC) and laparoscopic nonovarian pelvic surgery (NOS) were recruited and followed up through 6 months. Clinical baseline data and AMH were evaluated. Results. 39 and 38 participants were enrolled in LOC and NOS groups, respectively. Baseline characteristics (age, weight, BMI, and height) and preoperative AMH level between 2 groups were not statistically different. After surgery, AMH of both groups decreased since the first week, at 1 month and at 3 months. However, as compared to the LOC group at 6 months after operation, the mean AMH of the NOS group had regained its value with a highly significant difference. Conclusion. This study demonstrated the negative impact of nonovarian or indirect effects of laparoscopic surgery to ovarian reserve. The possible mechanisms are necessary for more investigations.