Table 4: Current robotic surgery education method.

Question Response

Is there a formal simulation curriculum for robotic surgery training of general surgery residents at your institution? ()Yes (63.16%)
No (36.84%)

What do you perceive as a barrier(s) to including robotic simulation in your program? ()Funding/cost (20.83%)
Faculty availability (20.83%)
Dedicated time for simulation (16.67%)
Lack of facilities (16.67%)
Access to simulators and facilities (20.83%)
Lack of scientific evidence (0%)
Lack of national standards in robotic simulation (4.17%)
Other (0%)

At which postgraduate year (PGY) level do most residents in your program begin to assist at the bedside of a robotic case? ()PGY1 (22.22%)
PGY2 (33.33%)
PGY3 (27.78%)
PGY4 (11.11%)
PGY5 (5.56%)

At which postgraduate year (PGY) level do most residents in your program begin to perform as a console surgeon in a robotic case? ()PGY1 (5.56%)
PGY2 (0%)
PGY3 (27.78%)
PGY4 (44.44%)
PGY5 (22.22%)

Does your program have specific simulation training for residents in any of the following tasks:Docking ()Yes (73.68%)No (26.32%)
Instrument exchange ()Yes (82.35%)No (17.65%)
Console skills ()Yes (84.21%)No (15.79%)
Specific robotic procedures [cholecystectomy, hernia repair, etc.] ()Yes (42.11%)No (57.89%)

Does your program require residents to achieve proficiency on a robotic simulator prior to assisting in, or performing, a robotic surgery case? ()Yes (70%)
No (20%)

Does your institution offer a minimally invasive and robotic surgery fellowship? ()Yes (10.53%)
No (89.47%)