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Method of Profanity Detection Using Word Embedding and LSTM
With the rising number of Internet users, there has been a rapid increase in cyberbullying. Among the types of cyberbullying, verbal abuse is emerging as the most serious problem, for preventing which profanity is being identified and blocked. However, users employ words cleverly to avoid blocking. With the existing profanity discrimination methods, deliberate typos and profanity using special characters can be discriminated with high accuracy. However, as they cannot grasp the meaning of the words and the flow of sentences, standard words such as “Sibaljeom (starting point, a Korean word that sounds similar to a swear word)” and “Saekkibalgalag (little toe, a Korean word that sounds similar to another swear word)” are less accurately discriminated. Therefore, in order to solve this problem, this study proposes a method of discriminating profanity using a deep learning model that can grasp the meaning and context of words after separating Hangul into the onset, nucleus, and coda.
A Hybrid Dynamic Probability Mutation Particle Swarm Optimization for Engineering Structure Design
Particle swarm optimization (PSO) is a common metaheuristic algorithm. However, when dealing with practical engineering structure optimization problems, it is prone to premature convergence during the search process and falls into a local optimum. To strengthen its performance, combining several ideas of the differential evolution algorithm (DE), a dynamic probability mutation particle swarm optimization with chaotic inertia weight (CWDEPSO) is proposed. The main improvements are achieved by improving the parameters and algorithm mechanism in this paper. The former proposes a novel inverse tangent chaotic inertia weight and sine learning factors. Besides, the scaling factor and crossover probability are improved by random distributions, respectively. The latter introduces a monitoring mechanism. By monitoring the convergence of PSO, a developed mutation operator with a more reliable local search capability is adopted and increases population diversity to help PSO escape from the local optimum effectively. To evaluate the effectiveness of the CWDEPSO algorithm, 24 benchmark functions and two groups of engineering optimization experiments are used for numerical and engineering optimization, respectively. The results indicate CWDEPSO offers better convergence accuracy and speed compared with some well-known metaheuristic algorithms.
Application of Computational Intelligence Algorithms in Radio Propagation: A Systematic Review and Metadata Analysis
The importance of wireless path loss prediction and interference minimization studies in various environments cannot be over-emphasized. In fact, numerous researchers have done massive work on scrutinizing the effectiveness of existing path loss models for channel modeling. The difficulties experienced by the researchers determining or having the detailed information about the propagating environment prompted for the use of computational intelligence (CI) methods in the prediction of path loss. This paper presents a comprehensive and systematic literature review on the application of nature-inspired computational approaches in radio propagation analysis. In particular, we cover artificial neural networks (ANNs), fuzzy inference systems (FISs), swarm intelligence (SI), and other computational techniques. The main research trends and a general overview of the different research areas, open research issues, and future research directions are also presented in this paper. This review paper will serve as reference material for researchers in the field of channel modeling or radio propagation and in particular for research in path loss prediction.
Mobile Users’ Online Luxury Consumption in China: The Moderating Role of Face Consciousness
Attracting more consumers through mobile online platforms has become the most important thing for luxury brands. However, few studies have explored how cultural context, as exemplified by face consciousness and source credibility, influences the online luxury consumption and promotion of mobile users. To fill that research gap, this study constructed a research model of Chinese consumers to examine the effect of source credibility on the online luxury purchase and recommendation intentions of mobile consumers, and the moderating effects of face consciousness were examined. A structural equation model was also employed in our study. Furthermore, a field survey with 168 mobile online shopping customers was conducted to test the research model and hypotheses. The empirical results confirm the following: (1) the source credibility of online reviews had a positive effect on the online luxury purchase intentions of mobile customers but increased their intention to recommend the shopping site even more in a luxury environment; (2) face consciousness had a negative moderating effect between source credibility and the online luxury purchase intention of mobile consumers; and (3) face consciousness had a negative moderating effect between source credibility and the luxury recommendation intention of mobile consumers. The implications for theory and practice and suggestions for future research were also discussed.
Analyzing and Evaluating Smart Cities for IoT Based on Use Cases Using the Analytic Network Process
With the passage of time, the world population is growing. Proper utilization of resources and other devices is tremendously playing an important role to easily examine, manage, and control the resources of the Internet of Things (IoT) in the smart city. Research in the field of IoT has revolutionized the services mostly in smart cities. In the smart city, the applications of IoT are utilized without human involvement. Diverse IoT devices are connected with each other and communicate for different tasks. With the existence of a huge number of IoT devices in the forthcoming years, the chances of privacy breach and information leakage are increasing. Billions of devices connected on IoT producing huge volume of data bound to cloud for processing, management, and storage. Sending of whole data to the cloud might create risk of security and privacy. Various needs of the smart city should be considered for both urgent and effective solutions to support requirements of the growing population. On the other side of rising technology, the IoT evolution has massively produced diverse research directions for the smart city. Keeping in view the use cases of the smart city, the proposed study presents the analytic network process (ANP) for evaluating smart cities. The approach of ANP works well in the situation of complexity, and vagueness exists among the available alternatives. The experimental results of the planned approach show that the approach is effective for evaluating the smart cities for IoT based on the use cases.
Air Quality Prediction Based on a Spatiotemporal Attention Mechanism
With the rapid development of the Internet of Things and Big Data, smart cities have received increasing attention. Predicting air quality accurately and efficiently is an important part of building a smart city. However, air quality prediction is very challenging because it is affected by many complex factors, such as dynamic spatial correlation between air quality detection sensors, dynamic temporal correlation, and external factors (such as road networks and points of interest). Therefore, this paper proposes a long short-term memory (LSTM) air quality prediction model based on a spatiotemporal attention mechanism (STA-LSTM). The model uses an encoder-decoder structure to model spatiotemporal features. A spatial attention mechanism is introduced in the encoder to capture the relative influence of surrounding sites on the prediction area. A temporal attention mechanism is introduced in the decoder to capture the time dependence of air quality. In addition, for spatial data such as point of interest (POI) and road networks, this paper uses the LINE graph embedding method to obtain a low-dimensional vector representation of spatial data to obtain abundant spatial features. This paper evaluates STA-LSTM on the Beijing dataset, and the root mean square error (RMSE) and R-squared () indicators are used to compare with six benchmarks. The experimental results show that the model proposed in this paper can achieve better performance than the performances of other benchmarks.