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Mobile Information Systems
Volume 4 (2008), Issue 1, Pages 69-76

Norms for Modeling Agents' Interaction in Ubiquitous Environments

Ismail Khalil Ibrahim

Institute of Telecooperation, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Altenberger Str. 69, A-4040 Linz, Austria

Received 18 January 2008; Accepted 18 January 2008

Copyright © 2008 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In ubiquitous environments a vast amount of mobile human and software entities, each with limited resources and knowledge, needs to interact with each other to achieve common and/or individual goals within a specific context. Due to their autonomy, proactiveness, mobility, social capability, and the successful implementation of agent mediated applications and services over the Web, different scenarios have been proposed in literature for the use of agents in ubiquitous environments for a wide range of applications such as user interfaces, mobile computing, information retrieval and filtering, smart messaging, telecommunication and m-commerce. In this paper, we address the problem of modeling agents' interaction in ubiquitous environments. We argue agents' interactions can be modeled using norms, which are represented mathematically as zero set of n-variate functions. We utilize the barycentic coordinates to show how agents should behave based on established protocols, rules of conduct or accepted social practices.