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Mobile Information Systems
Volume 9 (2013), Issue 4, Pages 315-330

Mitigation of Redundant Handovers to Femtocells by Estimation of throughput Gain

Zdenek Becvar and Pavel Mach

Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic

Received 11 March 2013; Accepted 11 March 2013

Copyright © 2013 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A deployment of femtocells to mobile wireless networks can increase a throughput of indoor as well as outdoor users. On the other hand, it introduces several problems such as serious interference or high number of performed handovers. This paper is focused on mitigation of redundant handovers to femtocells with open or hybrid access. The redundant handovers decrease user's throughput due to a management overhead and due to introduced interruption. We design a novel handover decision algorithm based on an estimation of throughput gain reached by a handover to a femtocell. In the proposal, the handover is initiated only if the estimated gain in user's throughput exceeds a predefined threshold. As the results indicate, high ratio of eliminated redundant handovers is achieved by the designed procedure. Moreover, a drop in user's throughput due to the handover procedure is reduced by the proposed algorithm and thus the user's throughput is increased.