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Mobile Information Systems
Volume 10 (2014), Issue 4, Pages 347-359
http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/MIS-130186

Delay Tolerant Networking with Data Triage Method based on Emergent User Policies for Disaster Information Network System

Noriki Uchida,1 Norihiro Kawamura,2 Goshi Sato,3 and Yoshitaka Shibata3

1Department of Informational Society Studies, Saitama Institute of Technology, Fukaya, Japan
2TAC Engineering Co., LTD., Tsushidanishi, Morioka, Iwate, Japan
3Faculty of Software and Information Science, Iwate Prefectural University, Iwate, Japan

Received 30 October 2013; Accepted 30 October 2013

Copyright © 2014 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

When Disaster Information Network System is considered in local areas that were heavy damaged by the East Japan Great Earthquake in 2011, the resiliency of the network system is one of significant subjects for the restoration of the areas. DTN (Delay Tolerant Network) has been focused for the effective methods for such inoperable network circumstances. However, when DTN is applied for the local areas, there are some problems such as message delivery rate and latency because there are fewer roads, cars, and pedestrians than in urban areas. In this paper, we propose the Enhanced Media Coordinate System for its architecture, and Data Triage method by emergent user policies is introduced to improve the QoS in Disaster Information Network System in local areas. In the proposed method, every message is tagged with the priority levels by data types with considering emergent user policies, and the high priority messages are firstly duplicated to transmittable nodes. Then, the experimental results by the GIS map of a Japanese coastal town and the future studies are discussed.