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Mobile Information Systems
Volume 2016, Article ID 2426580, 10 pages
Research Article

Social Optimization and Pricing Policy in Cognitive Radio Networks with an Energy Saving Strategy

1College of Information Science and Engineering, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, China
2Key Laboratory for Computer Virtual Technology and System Integration of Hebei Province, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, China
3National Center for Public Cultural Services, Ministry of Culture of China, Beijing 110000, China

Received 10 January 2016; Accepted 7 June 2016

Academic Editor: George Ghinea

Copyright © 2016 Shunfu Jin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The rapid growth of wireless application results in an increase in demand for spectrum resource and communication energy. In this paper, we firstly introduce a novel energy saving strategy in cognitive radio networks (CRNs) and then propose an appropriate pricing policy for secondary user (SU) packets. We analyze the behavior of data packets in a discrete-time single-server priority queue under multiple-vacation discipline. With the help of a Quasi-Birth-Death (QBD) process model, we obtain the joint distribution for the number of SU packets and the state of base station (BS) via the Matrix-Geometric Solution method. We assess the average latency of SU packets and the energy saving ratio of system. According to a natural reward-cost structure, we study the individually optimal behavior and the socially optimal behavior of the energy saving strategy and use an optimization algorithm based on standard particle swarm optimization (SPSO) method to search the socially optimal arrival rate of SU packets. By comparing the individually optimal behavior and the socially optimal behavior, we impose an appropriate admission fee to SU packets. Finally, we present numerical results to show the impacts of system parameters on the system performance and the pricing policy.