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Mobile Information Systems
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 2436074, 18 pages
Research Article

Delay-Aware Program Codes Dissemination Scheme in Internet of Everything

1School of Information Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
2School of Information Technology in Education, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
3Beijing Hetian Yuxiang Internet Technology Co., Ltd., Beijing 100036, China

Received 21 September 2016; Revised 5 November 2016; Accepted 16 November 2016

Academic Editor: Qingchen Zhang

Copyright © 2016 Yixuan Xu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Due to recent advancements in big data, connection technologies, and smart devices, our environment is transforming into an “Internet of Everything” (IoE) environment. These smart devices can obtain new or special functions by reprogramming: upgrade their soft systems through receiving new version of program codes. However, bulk codes dissemination suffers from large delay, energy consumption, and number of retransmissions because of the unreliability of wireless links. In this paper, a delay-aware program dissemination (DAPD) scheme is proposed to disseminate program codes with fast, reliable, and energy-efficient style. We observe that although total energy is limited in wireless sensor network, there exists residual energy in nodes deployed far from the base station. Therefore, DAPD scheme improves the performance of bulk codes dissemination through the following two aspects. Due to the fact that a high transmitting power can significantly improve the quality of wireless links, transmitting power of sensors with more residual energy is enhanced to improve link quality. Due to the fact that performance of correlated dissemination tends to degrade in a highly dynamic environment, link correlation is autonomously updated in DAPD during codes dissemination to maintain improvements brought by correlated dissemination. Theoretical analysis and experimental results show that, compared with previous work, DAPD scheme improves the dissemination performance in terms of completion time, transmission cost, and the efficiency of energy utilization.