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Mobile Information Systems
Volume 2016, Article ID 2871913, 8 pages
Research Article

Energy Efficiency Optimization in D2D-Cellular Converged Networks for Video Delivery

1School of Electronics and Information Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
2National Mobile Communications Research Laboratory, Southeast University, Nanjing, China

Received 30 April 2016; Revised 17 August 2016; Accepted 18 September 2016

Academic Editor: Bo Rong

Copyright © 2016 Meiping Jia et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A new paradigm of wireless video delivery between users in the converged D2D network and cellular system is studied in this paper. D2D communication enables direct data transmissions of nearby user equipment (UE) by sharing the same time and frequency resource, thereby improving spectrum utilization, system throughput, and energy efficiency. Yet in the case that D2D network cannot provide the requested video files for the limited storage capacity of UE, users have to access the video files in the traditional cellular mode. This paper investigates a D2D-cellular converged network where users are scattered over the area of a single cell according to the spatial Poisson Point Processes and D2D users are able to store part of video files requested by other users according to file popularity. First, we derive the energy efficiency of the D2D-cellular converged network. Then, to maximize the energy efficiency of the D2D-cellular converged network, the optimal collaborative distance of D2D communication and the number of cache files are addressed. Finally, via simulations, we show the effects of these system parameters on energy efficiency and point out the existence of optimal solutions.