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Mobile Information Systems
Volume 2016, Article ID 4806452, 10 pages
Research Article

A Fair Resource Allocation Algorithm for Data and Energy Integrated Communication Networks

1School of Communication and Information Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 611731, China
2School of Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, University of Essex, Colchester, UK

Received 3 December 2015; Accepted 18 January 2016

Academic Editor: Mianxiong Dong

Copyright © 2016 Qin Yu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


With the rapid advancement of wireless network technologies and the rapid increase in the number of mobile devices, mobile users (MUs) have an increasing high demand to access the Internet with guaranteed quality-of-service (QoS). Data and energy integrated communication networks (DEINs) are emerging as a new type of wireless networks that have the potential to simultaneously transfer wireless energy and information via the same base station (BS). This means that a physical BS is virtualized into two parts: one is transferring energy and the other is transferring information. The former is called virtual energy base station (eBS) and the latter is named as data base station (dBS). One important issue in such setting is dynamic resource allocation. Here the resource concerned includes both power and time. In this paper, we propose a fair data-and-energy resource allocation algorithm for DEINs by jointly designing the downlink energy beamforming and a power-and-time allocation scheme, with the consideration of finite capacity batteries at MUs and power sensitivity of radio frequency (RF) to direct current (DC) conversion circuits. Simulation results demonstrate that our proposed algorithm outperforms the existing algorithms in terms of fairness, beamforming design, sensitivity, and average throughput.