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Mobile Information Systems
Volume 2016, Article ID 5261089, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5261089
Research Article

Random-Access Technique for Self-Organization of 5G Millimeter-Wave Cellular Communications

School of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Received 17 June 2016; Accepted 7 August 2016

Academic Editor: Hyun-Ho Choi

Copyright © 2016 Jasper Meynard Arana et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The random-access (RA) technique is a key procedure in cellular networks and self-organizing networks (SONs), but the overall processing time of this technique in millimeter-wave (mm-wave) cellular systems with directional beams is very long because RA preambles (RAPs) should be transmitted in all directions of Tx and Rx beams. In this paper, two different types of preambles (RAP-1 and RAP-2) are proposed to reduce the processing time in the RA stage. After analyzing the correlation property, false-alarm probability, and detection probability of the proposed RAPs, we perform simulations to show that the RAP-2 is suitable for RA in mm-wave cellular systems with directional beams because of the smaller processing time and high detection probability in multiuser environments.