Table 1: Simulation parameters [6, 8].

ParameterValue

ChannelWi-Fi
ApplicationOn-off application
Traffic typeUDP
MAC protocol802.11
Packet size1024 (byte)
Data rateDsssRate 11 Mbps
Topology size2500 × 2500 (m2)
Internode spacing200 (m)
Simulation time100 (s)
Number of nodes45
Node movement speed5∼10 (m/s)
Number of survivors16
Number of clusters2, 4, 22, 44
Packet generation period0.1(s), 1(s)
Packet flooding period0.5(s), 1(s), 5(s)