A New Cooperative Dual-Level Game Approach for Operator-Controlled Multihop D2D Communications

Table 1

Parameters used in the proposed algorithm.

Notations

Explanation

The set of wireless operators

The set of devices under the operator

The wireless link between and

The set of ’s neighboring devices

The communication cost degree of link

The interference parameter of

The cardinality of

The path loss exponent factor

The path interference factor

The distance between and

The multihop communication flow

,

The source and destination device of flow

M

The payment mechanism for the upper-level game

A set of possible outcomes from relay operators

The set of relay operators for the relay service

A set of relay operators to establish a routing path

’s value to a specific outcome

The set of relay devices under the for the service

The next relay device of

’s energy consumption to connect the

The misreport of true valuation function

The incentive payment of

’s utility function

The real cost function of

A vector of except the

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