Mathematical Problems in Engineering / 2012 / Article / Fig 4

Research Article

An Immune Cooperative Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm for Fault-Tolerant Routing Optimization in Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks

Figure 4

Snapshot of establishing the alternative path using ICPSOA.
743728.fig.004

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.