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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2012, Article ID 789230, 8 pages
Research Article

A Neuro-Augmented Observer for Robust Fault Detection in Nonlinear Systems

College of Automation Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics & Astronautics, Nanjing 20016, China

Received 2 September 2012; Accepted 5 November 2012

Academic Editor: Huaguang Zhang

Copyright © 2012 Huajun Gong and Ziyang Zhen. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A new fault detection method using neural-networks-augmented state observer for nonlinear systems is presented in this paper. The novelty of the approach is that instead of approximating the entire nonlinear system with neural network, we only approximate the unmodeled part that is left over after linearization, in which a radial basis function (RBF) neural network is adopted. Compared with conventional linear observer, the proposed observer structure provides more accurate estimation of the system state. The state estimation error is proved to asymptotically approach zero by the Lyapunov method. An aircraft system demonstrates the efficiency of the proposed fault detection scheme, simulation results of which show that the proposed RBF neural network-based observer scheme is effective and has a potential application in fault detection and identification (FDI) for nonlinear systems.