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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2012, Article ID 832836, 21 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/832836
Research Article

Data-Driven Adaptive Observer for Fault Diagnosis

1Research Institute of Intelligent Control and Systems, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
2Faculty of Engineering and Science, University of Agder, 4898 Grimstad, Norway

Received 25 June 2012; Accepted 12 August 2012

Academic Editor: Bo Shen

Copyright © 2012 Shen Yin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper presents an approach for data-driven design of fault diagnosis system. The proposed fault diagnosis scheme consists of an adaptive residual generator and a bank of isolation observers, whose parameters are directly identified from the process data without identification of complete process model. To deal with normal variations in the process, the parameters of residual generator are online updated by standard adaptive technique to achieve reliable fault detection performance. After a fault is successfully detected, the isolation scheme will be activated, in which each isolation observer serves as an indicator corresponding to occurrence of a particular type of fault in the process. The thresholds can be determined analytically or through estimating the probability density function of related variables. To illustrate the performance of proposed fault diagnosis approach, a laboratory-scale three-tank system is finally utilized. It shows that the proposed data-driven scheme is efficient to deal with applications, whose analytical process models are unavailable. Especially, for the large-scale plants, whose physical models are generally difficult to be established, the proposed approach may offer an effective alternative solution for process monitoring.