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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2012, Article ID 857512, 19 pages
Research Article

Emergent Behaviors in Social Networks of Adaptive Agents

Faculty of Automatic Control and Computer Engineering, “Gheorghe Asachi” Technical University of Iasi, Boulevard Mangeron 27, 700050 Iasi, Romania

Received 24 June 2011; Accepted 13 July 2011

Academic Editor: Carlo Cattani

Copyright © 2012 Florin Leon. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Designing multiagent systems that can exhibit coherent group behavior based on a small number of simple rules is a very challenging problem. The evolution of mobile computing environments has created a need for adaptive, robust systems, whose components should be able to cooperate in order to solve the tasks continuously received from users or other software agents. In this paper, an interaction protocol for a task allocation system is proposed, which can reveal the formation of social networks as an emergent property. The agents can improve their solving ability by learning and can collaborate with their peers to deal with more difficult tasks. The experiments show that the evolution of the social networks is similar under a great variety of settings and depends only on the dynamism of the environment. The average number of connections and resources of the agents follows a power law distribution. Different configurations are studied in order to find the optimal set of parameters that leads to the maximum overall efficiency of the multiagent system.