Mathematical Problems in Engineering

Volume 2013, Article ID 104894, 6 pages

http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/104894

## New Jacobi Elliptic Function Solutions for the Kudryashov-Sinelshchikov Equation Using Improved F-Expansion Method

Department of Mathematics, Honghe University, Mengzi, Yunnan 661100, China

Received 3 May 2013; Revised 3 July 2013; Accepted 3 July 2013

Academic Editor: Gradimir Milovanovic

Copyright © 2013 Yinghui He. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

#### Abstract

Based on the F-expansion method with a new subequation, an improved F-expansion method is introduced. As illustrative examples, some new exact solutions expressed by the Jacobi elliptic function of the Kudryashov-Sinelshchikov equation are obtained. When the modulus *m* of the Jacobi elliptic function is driven to the limits 1 and 0, some exact solutions expressed by hyperbolic function and trigonometric function can also be obtained. The method is straightforward and concise and is promising and powerful for other nonlinear evolution equations in mathematical physics.

#### 1. Introduction

It has recently become more interesting to obtain exact solutions of nonlinear partial differential equations. These equations are mathematical models of complex physical phenomena that arise in engineering, applied mathematics, chemistry, biology, mechanics, physics, and so forth. Thus, the investigation of the traveling wave solutions to nonlinear evolution equations (NLEEs) plays an important role in mathematical physics. A lot of physical models have supported a wide variety of solitary wave solutions.

In 2010, Kudryashov and Sinelshchikov [1] introduced the following equation: where, , , , andare real parameters. Equation (1) describes the pressure waves in the liquid with gas bubbles taking into account the heat transfer and viscosity. When and , (1) becomes the BKdV equation and the KdV equation, respectively. So, (1) can be considered as the generalization of KdV equation. Therefore, the study to (1) is more meaningful than KdV equation and BKdV equation. We call this equation the Kudryashov-Sinelshchikov equation.

Equation (1) was studied by many researchers in various methods. In the case of , it was studied by Ryabov, using a modification of the truncated expansion method [2], by Randrüüt in a more straightforward manner [3], by Li et al., using the bifurcation method of dynamical systems [4–6], by Nadjafikhah and Shirvani-Sh, using the Lie symmetry method [7], and by He, using-expansion method [8]. In the case of, , (1) was studied by Efimova using the modified simplest equation method [9], by Mirzazadeh and Eslami, using first integral method [10]. And they obtained some results when took special values.

We noticed that the Jacobi elliptic function solutions of (1) are only reported in [8] with special case and . Our aim is to find some new solutions expressed by the Jacobi elliptic function making use of improved F-expansion method.

The organization of the paper is as follows: in Section 2, a brief description of the improved F-expansion for finding traveling wave solutions of nonlinear equations is given. In Sections 3 and 4, we will study, respectively, the Kudryashov-Sinelshchikov equation with the situation and , by the improved F-expansion methods. Finally conclusions are given in Section 5.

#### 2. Description of the Improved Methods

Based on F-expansion method [11–13], the main procedures of the improved F-expansion method are as follows.

*Step 1. *Consider a general nonlinear PDE in the form
Using , , we can rewrite (2) as the following nonlinear ODE:
where the prime denotes differentiation with respect to .

*Step 2. *Suppose that the solution of ODE (3) can be written as follows:
or
where are constants to be determined later and is a positive integer that is given by the homogeneous balance principle. And satisfies the following equation
where , , and are constant.

*Step 3. *Substituting (4) or (5) along with (6) into (3) and then setting all the coefficients of of the resulting system to zero yield a set of overdetermined nonlinear algebraic equations for , and .

*Step 4. *Assuming that the constants , , and can be obtained by solving the algebraic equations in Step 3, then by substituting these constants and the solutions of (6) that can be found in Table 1 into (4), we can obtain the explicit solutions of (2) immediately.

#### 3. Exact Solutions of the Kudryashov-Sinelshchikov Equation in the Case of

Using scale transformation we can write the Kudryashov-Sinelshchikov equation (1) in the form where,, and (primes are omitted). When, (8) becomes

Let where is the wave speed. Under this transformation, (9) can be reduced to the following ordinary differential equation (ODE): Integrating (11) once with respect toand setting the constant of integration to , we have

Balancing with in (12) we find that , sois an arbitrary positive integer. For simplicity, we take . Suppose that (12) owns the solutions in the form

Substituting (13) and (6) into (12) and then setting all the coefficients of of the resulting system to zero, we can obtain the following results: where , . Consider the following: where , . where , .

Substituting (14)–(19) into (13) with (10), we obtain, respectively, the following formal solution of (9): where, , and . Consider the following: where, , and . Consider the following: where, , and . Consider the following: where, , and Consider the following: where, , and . Consider the following: where, , and .

Combining (20)–(25) with Table 1, many exact solutions of (9) can be obtained. For simplicity, we just give out case 1 of Table 1, the other cases can be discussed similarly.

When, , and , the solution of elliptic Equation (6) is. Substituting it into (20)–(24), we can obtain the following solutions of (9).

From (20), one has where, , and .

When and , (26) becomes where, , and .

When and , (26) becomes where, , and .

From (21), we have where, , and .

When, (29) becomes a hyperbolic function solution, where, , and .

When, (29) becomes a trigonometric function solution, where, , and .

From (22), we have where, , and .

When, (32) becomes a hyperbolic function solution, where, , and .

From (23), we have where, , , and .

When, (34) becomes a hyperbolic function solution, where , , , and .

From (24), we have where , , , and .

When, (36) becomes a hyperbolic function solution, where,,, and .

From (25), we have where, , and .

When, (38) becomes a hyperbolic function solution, where, , , and .

When, (38) becomes a triangle function solution, where, , , and .

We notice that when, some Jacobi elliptic function solutions have been given in [8]. Part of our results may be the same with them. However, when , the Jacobi elliptic function solutions of (9) have not been reported in the related literatures, so we believe that our solutions (34), (36), and (38) are new.

#### 4. Exact Solutions of the Kudryashov-Sinelshchikov Equation in the Case of

In this case, by similar process, (1) can be changed into the following PDE: where, , and is an integral constant.

Suppose that (41) owns the solutions in the form

Substituting (42) and (6) into (41) and then setting all the coefficients of of the resulting system to zero, we can obtain the following results: where. Consider the following: where.

Substituting (43) and (44) along with (10) into (42), we obtain, respectively, the following formal solution of (8): where ,,, and . Consider the following: where, , , , , and .

Combining (45) and (46) with Table 1, many exact solutions of (8) can be obtained. For simplicity, we just give out case 3 of Table 1, and the other cases can be discussed similarly.

When, , , and the solution of elliptic Equation (6) is. Substituting it into (45) and (46), we can obtain the following Jacobi elliptic function solutions of (8): where, , , , , and where,, , , and .

Similarly, when we can obtain hyperbolic function solutions of (8). Here, we omit them.

We indicate that these results with and are new.

#### 5. Conclusions

The Jacobi elliptic function solutions of (1) are only reported in [8] with special case of and. In the present work, we successfully obtained some new Jacobi elliptic function solutions of the Kudryashov-Sinelshchikov equation with , and using the improved F-expansion method. When the modulus m of the Jacobi elliptic function is driven to the limits 1 and 0, some exact solutions expressed by hyperbolic function and trigonometric function can also be obtained. All the results we obtained have been verified. The related results are enriched.

#### Acknowledgments

This research is supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (11161020), the Natural Science Foundation of Yunnan (2013FZ117), and Research Foundation of Honghe University (10XJY120).

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