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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2013, Article ID 260514, 14 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/260514
Research Article

Performance of an Ocean Energy Conversion System with DFIG Sensorless Control

1Department of Automatic Control and Systems Engineering, EUITI de Bilbao, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Rafael Moreno 3, 48013 Bilbao, Spain
2Department of Automatic Control and Systems Engineering, EUI de Vitoria-Gasteiz, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Nieves Cano 12, 01006 Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain

Received 24 February 2013; Accepted 21 May 2013

Academic Editor: Massimo Scalia

Copyright © 2013 I. Garrido et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The 2009/28/EC Directive requires Member States of the European Union to adopt a National Action Plan for Renewable Energy. In this context, the Basque Energy Board, EVE, is committed to research activities such as the Mutriku Oscillating Water Column plant, OWC. This is an experimental facility whose concept consists of a turbine located in a pneumatic energy collection chamber and a doubly fed induction generator that converts energy extracted by the turbine into a form that can be returned to the network. The turbo-generator control requires a precise knowledge of system parameters and of the rotor angular velocity in particular. Thus, to remove the rotor speed sensor implies a simplification of the hardware that is always convenient in rough working conditions. In this particular case, a Luenberger based observer is considered and the effectiveness of the proposed control is shown by numerical simulations. Comparing these results with those obtained using a traditional speed sensor, it is shown that the proposed solution provides better performance since it increases power extraction in the sense that it allows a more reliable and robust performance of the plant, which is even more relevant in a hostile environment as the ocean.