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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 425740, 11 pages
Research Article

Review on Methods to Fix Number of Hidden Neurons in Neural Networks

Anna University, Regional Centre, Coimbatore 641047, India

Received 18 March 2013; Revised 16 May 2013; Accepted 26 May 2013

Academic Editor: Matjaz Perc

Copyright © 2013 K. Gnana Sheela and S. N. Deepa. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper reviews methods to fix a number of hidden neurons in neural networks for the past 20 years. And it also proposes a new method to fix the hidden neurons in Elman networks for wind speed prediction in renewable energy systems. The random selection of a number of hidden neurons might cause either overfitting or underfitting problems. This paper proposes the solution of these problems. To fix hidden neurons, 101 various criteria are tested based on the statistical errors. The results show that proposed model improves the accuracy and minimal error. The perfect design of the neural network based on the selection criteria is substantiated using convergence theorem. To verify the effectiveness of the model, simulations were conducted on real-time wind data. The experimental results show that with minimum errors the proposed approach can be used for wind speed prediction. The survey has been made for the fixation of hidden neurons in neural networks. The proposed model is simple, with minimal error, and efficient for fixation of hidden neurons in Elman networks.