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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 503858, 9 pages
Research Article

Nonlinear Characteristics of Helicopter Rotor Blade Airfoils: An Analytical Evaluation

Department of Aviation Integrated Systems, Military Technical Academy, 39-49 George Cosbuc Avenue, 050141 Bucharest, Romania

Received 27 June 2013; Revised 4 September 2013; Accepted 6 September 2013

Academic Editor: Tirivanhu Chinyoka

Copyright © 2013 Constantin Rotaru. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Some results are presented about the study of airloads of the helicopter rotor blades, the aerodynamic characteristics of airfoil sections, the physical features, and the techniques for modeling the unsteady effects found on airfoil operating under nominally attached flow conditions away from stall. The unsteady problem was approached on the basis of Theodorsen's theory, where the aerodynamic response (lift and pitching moment) is considered as a sum of noncirculatory and circulatory parts. The noncirculatory or apparent mass accounts for the pressure forces required to accelerate the fluid in the vicinity of the airfoil. The apparent mass contributions to the forces and pitching moments, which are proportional to the instantaneous motion, are included as part of the quasi-steady result.