Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 512530, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/512530
Research Article

Extreme Dynamic Responses of MW-Level Wind Turbine Tower in the Strong Typhoon Considering Wind-Rain Loads

College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China

Received 22 January 2013; Accepted 25 April 2013

Academic Editor: Massimo Scalia

Copyright © 2013 Zhenyu Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. B. K. Sahu, M. Hiloidhari, and D. C. Baruah, “Global trend in wind power with special focus on the top five wind power producing countries,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 19, pp. 348–359, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  2. J. F. Li, P. F. Shi, and H. Gao, China wind Power Outlook 2010, Hainan Publishing House, Haikou, China, 2010, (in Chinese).
  3. O. Kiyomiya, T. Rikiji, and P. H. A. J. M. van Gelder, “Dynamic response analysis of onshore wind energy power units during earthquakes and wind,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, pp. 520–526, Kitakyushu, Japan, May 2002. View at Scopus
  4. I. Lavassas, G. Nikolaidis, P. Zervas, E. Efthimiou, I. N. Doudoumis, and C. C. Baniotopoulos, “Analysis and design of the prototype of a steel 1-MW wind turbine tower,” Engineering Structures, vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 1097–1106, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. P. J. Murtagh, B. Basu, and B. M. Broderick, “Along-wind response of a wind turbine tower with blade coupling subjected to rotationally sampled wind loading,” Engineering Structures, vol. 27, no. 8, pp. 1209–1219, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. Li, J. Chen, and X. Chen, “Aerodynamic response analysis of wind turbines,” Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 89–95, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. E. C. C. Choi, “Gradient height and velocity profile during typhoons,” Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, vol. 13, no. 1–3, pp. 31–41, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. Y. L. Xu and L. D. Zhu, “Buffeting response of long-span cable-supported bridges under skew winds. Part 2: case study,” Journal of Sound and Vibration, vol. 281, no. 3–5, pp. 675–697, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. L. Zhao, Y. J. Ge, and L. D. Zhu, “Investigation of wind-induced performance about long-span bridges under typhoon climate,” Zhendong Gongcheng Xuebao/Journal of Vibration Engineering, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 237–245, 2009 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. R. Wu, P. F. Liu, and Q. S. Li, “Effects of amplitude-dependent damping and time constant on wind-induced responses of super tall building,” Computers and Structures, vol. 85, no. 15-16, pp. 1165–1176, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. Q. S. Li and J. R. Wu, “Time-frequency analysis of typhoon effects on a 79-storey tall building,” Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, vol. 95, no. 12, pp. 1648–1666, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. Q. S. Li, Y. Q. Xiao, J. R. Wu, J. Y. Fu, and Z. N. Li, “Typhoon effects on super-tall buildings,” Journal of Sound and Vibration, vol. 313, no. 3–5, pp. 581–602, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. Rose, P. Jaramillo, M. J. Small, I. Grossmann, and J. Apt, “Quantifying the hurricane risk to offshore wind turbines,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 109, no. 9, pp. 3247–3252, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. T. Ishihara, A. Yamaguchi, K. Takahara, T. Mekaru, and S. Matsuura, “An analysis of damaged wind turbines by typhoon maemi in 2003,” in Proceedings of the 6th Asia-Pacific Conference on Wind Engineering, pp. 1413–1428, Seoul, Korea, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. L. X. Hong and B. Moller, “An economic assessment of tropical cyclone risk on offshore wind farms,” Renewable Energy, vol. 44, pp. 180–192, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. Z. Q. Li, S. J. Chen, H. Ma, and T. Feng, “Design defect of wind turbine operating in typhoon activity zone,” Engineering Failure Analysis, vol. 27, pp. 165–172, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  17. E. C. C. Choi, “Wind-driven rain and driving rain coefficient during thunderstorms and non-thunderstorms,” Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, vol. 89, no. 3-4, pp. 293–308, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. S. F. Chen and X. P. Wu, “Numerical study of wind-driven rain distribution on low-rise buildings with different roof styles,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Electric Technology and Civil Engineering (ICETCE '11), pp. 3282–3285, April 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. D. B. Xin, H. Li, L. Wang, and J. P. Ou, “Experimental study on static characteristics of the bridge deck section under simultaneous actions of wind and rain,” Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, vol. 107-108, pp. 17–27, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. H. N. Li and H. F. Bai, “High-voltage transmission tower-line system subjected to disaster loads,” Progress in Natural Science, vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 899–911, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. H. N. Li and H. F. Bai, “Dynamic behavior and stability of transmission tower-line system under wind (rain) forces,” Tumu Gongcheng Xuebao/China Civil Engineering Journal, vol. 41, no. 11, pp. 31–38, 2008 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. H. N. Li, Y. M. Ren, and H. F. Bai, “Rain-wind-induced dynamic model for transmission tower system,” Proceedings of the CSEE, vol. 27, no. 30, pp. 43–48, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  23. IEC 61400-1 Ed.3, “International electro-technical commission,” Wind turbines-Part 1: Design requirements, 2005.
  24. AS/NZS 1170.2, “Australian/New Zealand Standard,” Structural design actions-Part 2: Wind actions, 2002.
  25. J. B. Pang, Field investigation and wind tunnel simulation of strong wind characteristics in coastal and mountainous regions [Ph.D. thesis], Tongji University, 2006, (in Chinese).
  26. J. L. Xu and H. Z. Mu, “Numerical simulation and analysis of offshore wind field features in shanghai under the influence of typhoon,” Journal of Tropical Meteorology, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 281–286, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  27. J. Chen and Y. L. Xu, “On modelling of Typhoon-induced non-stationary wind speed for tall buildings,” The Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 145–163, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. Y. L. Xu and J. Chen, “Characterizing nonstationary wind speed using empirical mode decomposition,” Journal of Structural Engineering, vol. 130, no. 6, pp. 912–920, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. R. B. Stull, An Introduction to Boundary Layer Meteorology, Kluwer Academic, Boston, Mass, USA, 1988.
  30. Y. Shi, W. Lu, and Y. Zhong, “The study of typhoon characteristics in the Shanghai region,” in Proceedings of the second National Conference on Wind Effect, 1988, (in Chinese).
  31. P. Tian, L. Feng, and Q. Ye, “The study of typhoon wind spectrum,” in Proceedings of the 2nd National Conference on Wind Effect, 1988, (in Chinese).
  32. J. Hojstrup, “Velocity spectra in the unstable planetary boundary layer (Kansas, Minnesota),” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 39, no. 10, pp. 2239–2248, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. R. N. Sharma and P. J. Richards, “A re-examination of the characteristics of tropical cyclone winds,” Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, vol. 83, pp. 21–33, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. M. Shiotani and H. Avai, “Lateral structures of gusts in high winds,” in International Conference on Wind Effects on Buildings and Structures, 1967. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  35. X. T. Zhang, “The spatial correlations and conversion factor of wind -excited random vibration for towers and tall buildings,” Journal of Tongji University, vol. 2, 1982 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  36. M. Shinozuka, “Simulation of multivariate and multidimensional random process,” Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 357–367, 1971. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  37. A. Ahlström, Aeroelastic simulation of wind turbine dynamics [Ph.D. thesis], Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden, 2005.
  38. M. Abuku, H. Janssen, J. Poesen, and S. Roels, “Impact, absorption and evaporation of raindrops on building facades,” Building and Environment, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 113–124, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. W. L. Chen and Z. L. Wang, “The trial research on the behaviours of artificial rainfall by simulation,” Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 55–62, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  40. J. Marshall and W. Palmer, “The distribution of raindrops with size,” Journal of Meteorology, vol. 5, pp. 165–166, 1948. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  41. E. Villermaux and B. Bossa, “Single-drop fragmentation determines size distribution of raindrops,” Nature Physics, vol. 5, no. 9, pp. 697–702, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. L. Gong, “Erosion calculation of raindrops’ Kinetic energy of loess plateau’s rainfall,” Journal of Lanzhou Jiaotong University (Nature Sciences), vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 43–45, 2005 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  43. P. J. Murtagh, B. Basu, and B. M. Broderick, “Along-wind response of a wind turbine tower with blade coupling subjected to rotationally sampled wind loading,” Engineering Structures, vol. 27, no. 8, pp. 1209–1219, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. W. H. Fang, X. C. Zhong, Y. Qiao, W. Lin, H. Xu, and Y. Li, “Estimation of rural residential building vulnerability to tropical cyclone hazards by insurance claim data: case study in Zhejiang province of China,” Journal of Beijing Normal University (Nature Science), vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 409–414, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  45. J. Li, J. Chen, and X. Chen, “Aerodynamic response analysis of wind turbines,” Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 89–95, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. N. Bazeos, G. D. Hatzigeorgiou, I. D. Hondros, H. Karamaneas, D. L. Karabalis, and D. E. Beskos, “Static, seismic and stability analyses of a prototype wind turbine steel tower,” Engineering Structures, vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 1015–1025, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. J. Li, J. Chen, and X. Chen, “Dynamic characteristics analysis of the offshore wind turbine blades,” Journal of Marine Science and Application, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 82–87, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus