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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 574528, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/574528
Research Article

Dynamic Cognitive Self-Organized TDMA for Medium Access Control in Real-Time Vehicle to Vehicle Communications

1Electronics Department, Polytechnic School, University of Alcala, Campus Universitario s/n, 28871 Alcala de Henares, Spain
2Signal and Communications Theory Department, Higher Polytechnic School, Carlos III University, Avenida de la Universidad 30, 28911 Leganes, Spain

Received 21 September 2012; Accepted 23 December 2012

Academic Editor: Wuhong Wang

Copyright © 2013 Mario Manzano et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The emergence of intelligent transport systems has brought out a new set of requirements on wireless communication. To cope with these requirements, several proposals are currently under discussion. In this highly mobile environment, the design of a prompt, efficient, flexible, and reliable medium access control, able to cover the specific constraints of the named real-time communications applications, is still unsolved. This paper presents the original proposal integrating Non-Cooperative Cognitive Time Division Multiple Access (NCC-TDMA) based on Cognitive Radio (CR) techniques to obtain a mechanism which complies with the requirements of real-time communications. Though the proposed MAC uses a slotted channel, it can be adapted to operate on the physical layer of different standards. The authors’ analysis considers the IEEE WAVE and 802.11p as the standards of reference. The mechanism also offers other advantages, such as avoiding signalling and the adaptation capacity to channel conditions and interferences. The solution is applied to the problem of units merging a convoy. Comparison results between NCC-TDMA and Slotted-Aloha are included.