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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2013, Article ID 676275, 13 pages
Research Article

Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm Merged with Pheromone Communication Mechanism for the 0-1 Multidimensional Knapsack Problem

College of Computer Science and Technology, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing Municipal Key Laboratory of Multimedia and Intelligent Software Technology, Beijing 100124, China

Received 24 March 2013; Accepted 11 June 2013

Academic Editor: Vishal Bhatnagar

Copyright © 2013 Junzhong Ji et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Given a set of n objects, the objective of the 0-1 multidimensional knapsack problem (MKP_01) is to find a subset of the object set that maximizes the total profit of the objects in the subset while satisfying m knapsack constraints. In this paper, we have proposed a new artificial bee colony (ABC) algorithm for the MKP_01. The new ABC algorithm introduces a novel communication mechanism among bees, which bases on the updating and diffusion of inductive pheromone produced by bees. In a number of experiments and comparisons, our approach obtains better quality solutions in shorter time than the ABC algorithm without the mechanism. We have also compared the solution performance of our approach against some stochastic approaches recently reported in the literature. Computational results demonstrate the superiority of the new ABC approach over all the other approaches.