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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 239130, 10 pages
Research Article

Research of Ant Colony Optimized Adaptive Control Strategy for Hybrid Electric Vehicle

State Key Laboratory of Structural Analysis for Industrial Equipment, School of Automotive Engineering, Faculty of Vehicle Engineering and Mechanics, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China

Received 6 June 2014; Revised 24 July 2014; Accepted 2 August 2014; Published 28 August 2014

Academic Editor: Rui Mu

Copyright © 2014 Linhui Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Energy management control strategy of hybrid electric vehicle has a great influence on the vehicle fuel consumption with electric motors adding to the traditional vehicle power system. As vehicle real driving cycles seem to be uncertain, the dynamic driving cycles will have an impact on control strategy’s energy-saving effect. In order to better adapt the dynamic driving cycles, control strategy should have the ability to recognize the real-time driving cycle and adaptively adjust to the corresponding off-line optimal control parameters. In this paper, four types of representative driving cycles are constructed based on the actual vehicle operating data, and a fuzzy driving cycle recognition algorithm is proposed for online recognizing the type of actual driving cycle. Then, based on the equivalent fuel consumption minimization strategy, an ant colony optimization algorithm is utilized to search the optimal control parameters “charge and discharge equivalent factors” for each type of representative driving cycle. At last, the simulation experiments are conducted to verify the accuracy of the proposed fuzzy recognition algorithm and the validity of the designed control strategy optimization method.