Table 2: Actual truck axle loads [9].

TruckAxle loads

(a) Axle loads in the normal state
TT3 (N: 2,137)58.4 kN
84.1 kN
84.0 kN

ST5 (N: 948)49.4 kN
65.2 kN
65.7 kN
82.2 kN
68.1 kN

(b) Axle loads in an overloaded state
TT3 (N: 330)58.4 kN
133.9 kN
84.0 kN

ST5 (N: 97)49.4 kN
65.2 kN
112.4 kN
82.2 kN
68.1 kN