Table 4: Parameter sets found for modified B-W model and MSE report.

PSO [19]BB-BC [19]ABC
ValueError (%)ValueError (%)ValueError (%)

m
m−2160.102.38176.907.87156.914.32
m−2162.720.78198.3820.96159.272.88
1296.0117.051107.590.041207.159.03
2.104.952.052.411.923.83
kN/m47.943.7651.4411.3546.771.25
kN/m/V41.430.5542.252.5538.716.03
kN·s/m111.020.92115.535.03109.630.33
kN·s/m/V115.551.10139.7922.30115.551.09
kN·s/m8488.771.5510313.7223.388561.322.42
kN·s/m/V7603.311.618499.7913.597556.570.98
kN/m0.00215.120.00213.590.00191.43
kN/m0.01035.800.01046.760.01003.13
s−1111.0511.05104.114.11100.310.31

MSE of response1.08E − 024.92E − 035.71E − 04